Four Major Types of Foundations

Constructing your house from the ground up is a significant investment thus requires proper research to ensure everything runs smoothly. Most people building homes concentrate on the interiors and exteriors, and they forget the foundation. Whether you are constructing or buying a house, it is important to select the most appropriate foundation.

Here are the four common types of foundations to get you started

Crawl space

Buildings with crawlspace foundations are elevated off the ground by an average of two feet. Usually built with brick facing and cider blocks, this foundation is ideal for wet climates or areas where floods are common. Considering that the building is lifted off the ground, it is not likely to be damaged by accumulated water. It is also rare for such houses to be infested by termites. However, crawl space foundations are highly susceptible to mold and fungi build up.

Basement

Construction of houses with basements begins with a hole about eight feet being dug. The top of the basement is concrete, and the walls are made using cider blocks. The process is done in three steps; starting with lying of beams, constructing the walls and finally making a slab inside the walls.

When constructed appropriately, the basement is usually waterproof. Many homeowners prefer basement foundations since it offers extra square footage. They are also popular since they are resistant to fire and extreme weather conditions thus are durable.

Slab

A slab foundation is a concrete path that is laid on the ground of a building’s site. It is advantageous in that very little preparation is required and that the actual installation is quite easy. Concrete is made into a beam that goes about two meters into the ground. Wire mesh and steel reinforced bars are embedded within the concrete slab.

Slab foundations are ideal for warm climates as opposed to colder ones since freezing temperatures might make the plate to shift. Sewer line pipes are placed on the ground before the concrete is poured.

Pier and beam

Concrete piers or wood posts are set deep into the ground, and they support the building. Pier and beam basis do not rest directly on the ground. Usually, they are elevated about 18 inches above the ground. Electricity and plumbing utility units are placed inside this crawlspace. Those who go for this foundation cite low costs as the main advantage. However, you can only use it for small constructions as it cannot support hefty weights.

The extra space makes it easier for contractors to access the area quickly during foundation repair Irving offers. Also, the foundation is only recommended for building homes that are not prone to earthquakes or hurricane strength winds since it is not set down into the ground. Considering the foundation’s structure, the occupants should be cautious of creaking and sagging floors.

Now that you know your foundation options, it will be easier to choose one that suits your construction. However, before making your final selection, talk to a qualified foundation contractor. When making other decisions such as the door, insulation, walls, and windows, remember that your decision determines your energy expenses. Thus, choose wisely.